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New Brunswick History

New Brunswick is located in Middlesex County, situated in the central region of the state of New Jersey. In the 2006 U.S. Census report, the city’s population was estimated at over 50,000 residents, which triples during an average business day with workers, college students, and visitors. New Brunswick was formed by a Royal Charter, the way in which European settlers declared the creation of a town or city in America, on December 30, 1730.

 New Brunswick was first inhabited by Lenape Indians, and was not populated by its first white settlers until 1681. The city was named New Brunswick after a city that is located in the Lower Saxony province of Germany, called Braunschweig. Braunschweig was the administrative seat for the principality of Hanover. The Elector of Hanover, who was also the Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, was the man who became the King George I of Great Britain soon after the first settlers reached the land that is now known as New Brunswick.

 New Brunswick is home to many notable establishments including Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Hospital, St. Peters Hospital, the University of Medicine & Dentistry in New Jersey, the world headquarters of Johnson & Johnson, and Bristol Myers-Squibb.

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